Sunday, August 7, 2016

Do you know Silent Blinder? The Deadliest Of All Eye Disease

glaucoma eyes

The eyes being a very sensitive part of your body which are connected to the major sensual parts of your life. This Silent Blinder can damage oneself eye's optic nerve, living him or her blind for the rest of their life if proper care is not taken. The optic nerve transmits information from retina, that's the light sensitive part of the eye, to the brain. Your brain receives every detail captured and processes the information gathered before it decodes it.

In other for your eye to function very well, it will need some amount of  pressure and fluid to keep your eyeballs rolling just the way it should.
 Glaucoma is the silient blinder and deadliest of all eye diseases!

 Oneself can suffer from this Silent Blinder at any stage in life but it all depends on the type of glaucoma that attacked the eye. However, the commonest form of glaucoma does usually occur in the adulthood and it has no symptom in the initial stage of it. The reason why its called a silent blinder is simply because it has the tendency of spreading its diseases in that particular eye it attacked.

The unfortunate thing about Silent Blinder is that it is not reversible. The other types of Glaucoma, usually comes with symptoms which make the patient seek medical attention. The good news is that some of these Glaucoma are curable.

The chronic Silent Blinder is the most common type. It affects a larger number of people with eye problem in our hospital, it is symptomless (i.e., the patients does not complain of an ill-health or poor vision) at the early stage because it is not curable and may result in blindness eventually if not properly managed. Therefore, it deserves a degree of attention.

Causes of Glaucoma

There is a layer cell in the coloured part of the eye which produces some aqueous solution known as Iris. The watery solution passes through the channel at the center of the Iris known as the pupil. 
These are happening in an angel between the iris and the front eye known as Cornea that goes back into the bloodstream.

However, a lot of factors have been found to be associated with glaucoma, some of which when treated may control the progression of the disease.
The most significant of the factor is the raised intra-ocular pressure. Intra-ocular pressure is the pressure exerted on the coats of the eye by the contents of the eye.

The damage is gradual, progressive and irreversible. Early intervention to reduce the pressure in the eye may stop or reduce the rate of damage to the eye.
Other factors include: Age, Race, Heredity, Diabetes, Drugs, Short sightedness, High blood pressure.
It is usually found in adults and this is at about the age of 35 years and above.

The disease occurs at an earlier age among we Africans, especially blacks and it is more aggressive and more difficult to control in this race. Glaucoma runs in the family especially the first degree family members.

Use of some drugs like steroids {eye drops and tablets} may be associated with glaucoma. High blood pressure {Hypertension} and short sightedness are positive associations with the disease

Sign and symptoms of glaucoma

As mentioned earlier, the disease is symptomless at the early stage. However with the progression of the disease, the individual may notice that:

1.   Vision may become reduced
2.   Reduction in the field of vision

This may take the individual bump into objects, may not see objects at the side without turning the eyes or head. Because of the drop in vision, the patient may complain of frequent change of glasses which has not really helped to improve the vision. When there is  sudden increase in tension in the eye for any reason, the eye may become painful and vision may drastically drop.

Patients may at this stage have:

  • 1.   Redness of the eye
  • 2.   May see rainbow around source of light like bulb
  • 3.   May be associated with headache and vomiting.

It should however be emphasized that this is not common feature of Glaucoma and it is dangerous to assume that one does not have Glaucoma because she does not have these features.

Prevention of Glaucoma

Prevention is the key to controlling any disease process. Preventive measures are therefore very important to liberate the community from glaucoma.
Though, glaucoma may not be prevented in all cases but blindness from the disease can be prevented by the following:

  • If you are over 35 years of age, have an eye examination by an ophthalmologist at least once a year.
  • Eye check up regularly to monitor the effect of treatment, if not every six months to give room for early detection.
  • Patients with Glaucoma must use their drugs regularly as prescribed by the doctor.
  • Do not stop taking your eye medications without discussing it with your Ophthalmologist.
  • Any side-effect or changes in vision must be reported to the doctor immediately.
  • First degree relatives of patients should be examined and screened if they are over 30 years.
  • Prevention of conditions that can make one to be at risk.

Conclusion

Glaucoma is a major cause of irreversible blindness all over the world because it does not present with symptoms at the early stage, thereby early diagnosis is difficult. Visit an ophthalmologist today.

The post is dedicated to my beloved Grand Mother’s friend who is currently battling with Glaucoma

Article compiled by Rosalynda. To use any part of this content, please source the original website.

Feel free to broadcast to your love ones!

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